(1) For the purpose of this policy:
(2) The Copyright policy describes the procedures in place at Southern Cross University to ensure compliance with statutory licences Part VA and Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968.
(3) To ensure compliance with the statutory licence conditions under Part VA and Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968.
(4) To ensure that the University obtains full advantage of its statutory licences to best support the teaching and research needs of the University.
(5) This policy applies to the use, reproduction and distribution of copyright material undertaken for the purposes of the University by University staff, students and affiliated educational institutions.
(6) All use, reproduction and distribution of copyright material undertaken by or at the direction of staff of the University shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright Act 1968 and any relevant copyright agreement(s) currently in force. Use of University equipment, facilities and/or premises for a purpose that infringes copyright is expressly forbidden.
(7) Digital reproductions and communications of copyright material under statutory licence must be registered and appropriately notated with warning notices and attribution. Staff should note that the only way copyright material can be made available online under statutory licence is through registration on eReading [see Section 3, clauses (27)-(28)]. Under no circumstances can material reproduced under statutory licence be published on unrestricted access websites or provided to non-members of the University.
(8) The Copyright Procedures accompanying this policy are expanded in the University's online Copyright Guide. The Copyright Officer has the authority to require staff to take action to ensure legal compliance in accordance with these Procedures and the Guide.
(9) The Copyright Officer should be consulted in all instances where interpretation of legislation, licence agreements or procedures is required.
(10) The rights afforded to the University under the Parts VA and VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) permit the use of copyright material for the educational purposes of the institution. Such rights include multiple reproduction and communication of text and graphic material (Part VB) and multiple reproduction and communication of off-air broadcast material (Part VA). With these rights come well defined obligations. The Copyright Policy and Procedures focuses on the provisions of the statutory licences and the mechanisms in place in the University to ensure compliance with licence conditions. Productive and correct use of license fees to support our teaching and research effort is encouraged.
(11) Use of University equipment, facilities and/or premises for a purpose that infringes copyright is expressly forbidden. Any person who commits such an infringement shall be personally liable under the Act. In no way does the University authorise infringements of copyright by the provision of equipment upon which reproductions and communications can be made.
(12) Notices as prescribed by the Copyright Regulations 1969 shall be placed on or near all equipment capable of making reproductions and communications of copyright material. Photocopiers, scanners, video devices, CD burners and printers are included in this category. Particular attention should be paid to portable devices. The wording of the notice is attached at Appendix A.
(13) The Act permits making single or multiple reproductions of copyright material for the educational purposes of the institution subject to the payment of equitable remuneration and satisfaction of certain conditions relating to amount and distribution. The University is party to remuneration agreements with the Copyright Agency Limited for reproduction and communication of text and graphic material (Part VB) and with Screenrights for reproduction and communication of broadcast material (Part VA).
(14) There are no statutory license provisions for material other than the text, graphic and broadcast material described in Part VA and Part VB of the Act. Staff may have the option of entering into agreements directly with copyright owners of material for use that does not fall within statutory licensing provisions.
(15) Reproduction of material from or to a hard copy or digital source is subject to the following conditions:
(16) Staff utilising the University Printery undertake to abide by copyright limitations by signing the Copyright Declaration on the Printing Requisition Form. Note that if digital files are provided with hard copy printing and the digital files are distributed to students, the digital files must be registered with eReadings.
(17) The 'reasonable portions' that may be reproduced are:
(18) Warning Notices, in the format prescribed by the Copyright Regulations, must be associated with digital reproductions of copyright material, whether made available online, distributed as attachments to email messages or distributed on CDROMs. These notices must come to the attention of users before or at the same time as the material. It is recommended that the warning notice be included as the first page of the material.
(19) The University is permitted to reproduce items from TV or radio broadcasts and podcasts of broadcasted materials for the educational purposes of the institution. These copies may be distributed to students, placed in the library, shown in class and communicated to students of the institution. Digital copies must contain a warning notice. Items distributed in digital form must be registered. Staff members are encouraged to utilise the Multimedia Services Unit to record off-air copies by submitting a written request in advance of the broadcast date. The University may also obtain broadcast copies from similarly licensed institutions.
(20) Works reproduced in digital form under statutory licence may also be communicated, either by making it available online or some other means of electronic transmission. If material reproduced under statutory licence is to be made available online, the copy communicated must be registered and/or located in eReadings. This is the copy to which students and/or staff link. This is the only way to make the majority of copyright material available online. The registration process is outlined in clauses (27) - (28).
(21) Note that communication conditions are additional to reproduction limitations.
(22) These additional conditions are:
(23) Insubstantial portions [see clauses (25) - (26)] of literary and dramatic works may be communicated, provided that the person responsible for making the communication makes only one insubstantial portion of a work available online at one time (i.e. the communication restriction does not apply to the whole campus).
(24) There is no communication limit applying to the amount of material obtained via a broadcast copy, providing the conditions related to access, marking and educational use are satisfied.
(25) Educational institutions are permitted to make multiple copies of insubstantial portions of literary or dramatic works. An insubstantial portion is defined as no more than 2 pages of a work unless there are more than 200 pages in the edition or the total number of pages reproduced does not exceed 1% of total number of pages (or words if in digital format).
(26) The conditions relating to the reproduction of insubstantial portions are:
(27) Digital reproductions that are distributed or communicated to students must be registered. The registration and submission process is described in full in the Copyright Guide, together with a summary of quantity guidelines. Registration enables the centralised monitoring of communications to ensure that the university-wide limitation relating to online communications is observed.
(28) Details of the items are maintained in eReadings. Checking for the inclusion of warning notices and monitoring the period of time an item is online is undertaken by staff of Flexible Learning Development Services, the Printery and the University Library. Information regarding online registration of copies, insubstantial portions and limitations on reproduction can be found on the Copyright website. Unit Coordinators must observe the limitations imposed on reproduction and communication of material. Insubstantial portions need not be registered, however Unit Coordinators should observe the limitations imposed on reproduction and concurrent communication of insubstantial portions of material.
(29) It is possible, and in the case of some material essential, to seek explicit permission from copyright owners in order to use their material in circumstances other than those covered by Part VA or VB of the Copyright Act or for uses outside the fair dealing provisions. Consult the Copyright Officer to determine what actions need to be taken.
(30) Part IX of the Copyright Act 1968 awards a range of moral rights to the creators of literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works and cinematograph films. Moral rights are conferred on individuals only.
(31) Moral rights mean that a work must be appropriately and accurately acknowledged, authors have a right that authorship not be falsely attributed and a right of integrity of authorship.
(32) Although computer programs are defined under the Act as literary works, they are expressly excluded from the statutory licences for copying for educational use. In most cases, separate contracts are applicable to software, entered into at the time of purchase. These contracts override the free and educational use provisions contained in the Act.
(33) Division 4A of the Copyright Act permits the owner of a legitimate copy of a computer program to make reproductions in certain circumstances. The Act should be consulted for details of those circumstances.
(34) In cases of non-compliance with the legal obligations imposed by the Copyright Act, the contractual obligations imposed by the CAL or Screenrights Remuneration Agreement and non-observance to the Policy and Procedures of the University, the Copyright Officer or designated representative will have the authority to intervene in the distribution of the items in question. This may mean recalling items already distributed or removing access to online material.
(35) Staff seeking further information may refer to the University Copyright Officer, the University Copyright Guide and the Copyright Act 1968. Various publications of the Australian Copyright Council are held in the Library at KN112.